Siguiendo los rastros de los depósitos rituales: esbozo de un marco arqueológico para el estudio de las prácticas rituales en Palenque

Lisa Johnson

Resumen


Diversas excavaciones arqueológicas desarrolladas en las Tierras Bajas del sureste de México, Guatemala y Belice han revelado patrones generalizados en las práctica rituales, incluso en el tipo de materiales utilizados en ofrendas rituales y entierros humanos colocados dentro de los pisos y plazas de templos públicos y casas privadas. Sin embargo, las evidencias materiales de eventos rituales pasados parecen ser marcadamente diferentes en las Tierras Bajas noroccidentales, de modo particular en la ciudad de Palenque. Este artículo discute las ofrendas de los templos de Palenque, así como los resultados preliminares de las excavaciones realizadas en un grupo residencial y encuentra que los materiales de los depósitos rituales de este sitio a menudo comprenden posibles materiales orgánicos en lugar de aquéllos encontrados típicamente en los ejemplos de las Tierras Bajas orientales. Con el fin de considerar cómo tales prácticas eran distintas en esta región, se propone un enfoque más integral de una arqueología del ritual que incluya la presencia de microrresiduos de las acciones rituales. 


Palabras clave


ritual; microarqueología, ofrendas, Palenque, Grupo IV

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19130/iifl.ecm.2018.52.932

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