Emociones draconianas: la institucionalización afectiva del perdón en la ley ateniense sobre homicidio (IG I3. 104, 13-20)

Emiliano J. Buis

Resumen


Suele decirse que, luego del desplazamiento de la venganza privada interpersonal por mecanismos públicos heterocompositivos controlados por la pólis, la ley sobre homicidio establecida por Dracón sustituyó las emociones de la represión del crimen por un orden sustentado en la racionalidad grupal propia de la objetividad esperable del sistema jurídico. Sin embargo, un examen de las disposiciones referidas al perdón (aídesis) en el texto conservado de la norma permite advertir una suerte de institucionalización afectiva que, a través de la
construcción de un artificio jurídico, instala la ficción emotiva de una clemencia colectiva en remplazo del páthos individual.


Palabras clave


Dracón; homicidio; emociones; institucionalización; perdón

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Referencias


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